Descriptive Text merupakan jenis teks Bahasa Inggris dengan fungsi menggambarkan sifat-sifat secara jelas yang melekat. Descriptive Text bisa menjelaskan manusia, tumbuhan, hewan, dan benda mati. Descriptive Text memiliki fungsi memberikan info dengan jelas seputar suatu objek kepada pembaca.
Berikut ini akan dibahas struktur teks deskriptif tersebut dan unsur kebahasaan seperti apa saja yang ada. Ada beberapa contoh descriptive text tentang orang juga yang bisa kalian simak.
Struktur Descriptive Text
Descriptive Text mempunyai struktur tersendiri seperti berbagai jenis teks lainnya, berikut ini struktur umum teks deskriptif.
Identification ada di paragraf pertama, tujuan dari Identification adalah mengidentifikasi objek yang hendak dideskripsikan. Identification memiliki fungsi memperkenalkan kepada para pembaca seputar objek yang ingin jelaskan, sebelum memberitahu lebih rinci objek tersebut untuk paragraf selanjutnya.
Description merupakan bagian yang terletak di paragraf selanjutnya, berisikan tentang berbagai sifat-sifat yang ada pada objek yang telah dikenalkan kepada pembaca lewat paragraf pertama.
Kaidah Kebahasaan Descriptive Text
Ada pun juga berbagai unsur kebahasaan yang ada pada descriptive text, berikut ini beberapa di antaranya.
- Simple Present
Descriptive Text berisikan tenses yang bersifat Simple Present karena akan dideskripsikan fakta-fakta dari suatu objek. Salah satu kegunaan Simple Present itu sendiri ialah untuk menunjukkan kebenaran. Misal ingin mendeskripsikan mengenai kucing kamu, kamu dapat menggunakan kalimat: “The breed of my cat is persian.”
- Memakai kata sifat
Fungsi Descriptive Text adalah memberikan info yang menggambarkan objek yang akan dideskripsikan, sehingga wajar saja akan dijumpai banyak kata sifat. Contohnya adalah long, big, small, sharp dan sifat lain sebagainya.
- Memakai penghubung atau relating verb
Maksudnya dari relating verb yaitu kata kerja untuk memberikan penjelasan terhadap kata benda dari kalimat. Sebagai contohnya misal is, seem, have, seem, dan lainnya. Jika kalian sudah memahami struktur dan unsur kebahasaan teks deskriptif, maka saatnya memahami beberapa contohnya.
Beberapa Contoh Descriptive Text yang Menjelaskan Orang
Agar kita bisa memahami lebih jelas lagi Descriptive Text ini, kalian bisa simak beberapa contoh descriptive text tentang orang berikut ini. Sehingga kalian bisa lebih memahami seperti apa yang namanya teks deskriptif.
Contoh Descriptive Text tentang Guru
I have a teacher at my school who I respect. She is Mrs. Susi, an English teacher. Mrs. Susi is still young so she is popular among students, she is still 30 years old. Although still young, Mrs. Susi is a disciplined teacher. Although firm, Mrs.
Susi is actually very kind to each of her students. Mrs. Susi has short hair and always looks neat at school. He wears glasses because he has an eye problem. Many male students really like her. According to many male students, Mrs. Susi is an authoritative and cool woman with a sharp nose. Mrs. Susi’s skin is also white which makes it more attractive to many students.
Mrs. Susi is very concerned about all her students at school. He always tries to give proper and positive advice to the students. Mrs. Susi also succeeded in making all her students like English as a compulsory subject. He is very good at explaining difficult material and can create a comfortable atmosphere.
Contoh Descriptive Text tentang Orang Terkenal
There is one of my favorite entertainers who came from South Korea, he is Kang Daniel. He managed to debut through a popular show in Korea. At the show, Kang Daniel managed to survive and eventually became a member of a boy group.
Kang Daniel managed to occupy the first place because of his charm that successfully attracted many women. Kang Daniel has many abilities, apart from singing, he is also good at rapping and dancing. Kang Daniel also has an ideal and proportional body.
With his ability, face and charm, he managed to become the most popular man in South Korean entertainment world. He managed to get a center position in the boy group Wanna One and successfully made a solo debut. Not only is Kang Daniel’s job, he’s also modeled for popular magazines.
There are also many well-known brands that make Kang Daniel their brand ambassador. The reason Kang Daniel was successfully chosen as a brand ambassador or magazine model is because of his popularity. We can’t say that Kang’s popularity is instant, Daniel worked hard and went through various obstacles.
Contoh Descriptive Text tentang Artis
I like one singer from Indonesia, Tulus. Tulus is a singer who is unique and liked by many people. He has a fairly fat body and has a distinctive voice. So Tulus is very distinguishable from other Indonesian singers. Apart from being a singer, Tulus is also a songwriter.
Tulus is also an architect graduated from the Catholic Parahyangan University in Bandung. Tulus started his career by singing jazz music. Through several events such as community events and campus events, Tulus further honed his talents. Through Sikuai Band, Tulus further developed his musical ability with other band members.
Tulus has the first album made by a famous producer, Ari Renaldi. The Tulus album was released by its own company, Tulus Record. Many of Tulus’ songs have been able to become the top pop songs on many Indonesian radios. Even well-known magazines such as “Rolling Stone Indonesia” also named him Rookie Editor of the Year 2013.
Contoh Descriptive Text tentang Selebgram / Youtuber
Kalian bisa juga membuat contoh descriptive text tentang orang seputar selebgram yang populer sekarang ini, berikut ini contohnya.
Ria Ricis is a woman who is now mentioned everywhere. Ria Ricis often appears on various social media. Ria Ricis is known to many people and is a celebgram and Youtuber. The income that Ria Ricis gets is also extraordinary.
His figure is so easily recognized by many people because his behavior is funny, attractive, and cute. Ria Ricis always wears the hijab in every content. Ria Ricis whose full name is Ria Yunita was born in 1995. Ria Ricis can enliven family atmosphere in house. Ria Ricis’s humor and excitement can make the atmosphere lively.
Ria Ricis’s last name, Ricis, has its own extension, namely beautiful and sweet. Ria Ricis often entertains people through her Instagram account which is full of parody videos, memes and various other entertainments. The entertainment content created by Ria Ricis is liked by many people so that Ria Ricis has many followers.
The number of Instagram followers of Ria Ricis is fantastic because it is able to exceed the number of followers of other well-known artists in Indonesia. Ricis can make large amounts of money from endorse or paid promote.
Contoh Descriptive Text tentang Atlit
Leo Messi or Lionel Messi is a soccer athlete who is liked by many people. Lionel Messi deserves to be the best football player that can be seen with the awards he gets. He was born in Argentina and became a mainstay of the national team. Lionel Messi is a member of the FC Barcelona club with a very high income.
Lionel Messi’s position at club is captain, centre-forward or winger. The high skill possessed by Lionel Messi is dribble that is often done during the game. Many other players agree that Lionel Messi’s dribbling is extraordinary. People call Lionel Messi able to dance with ball and it’s as if the ball is stuck to Messi’s feet.
Lionel Messi’s jersey number is 10, and he has achieved many achievements and records with his national team and club, FC Barcelona. He broke the UEFA record as being able to score 5 goals in just one game. Lionel Messi is white and has a round face. His smile is distinctive and his hair is straight.
Contoh Descriptive Text tentang Diri Sendiri
Biasanya contoh descriptive text tentang orang paling banyak adalah tentang diri sendiri, berikut ini contohnya.
My name is Syn, born in Melbourne on 13 May 1999. I am the second of four children. Now, I live with my family in Adelaide, a coastal area with great views. My blood type is O, and so are all my family members. My religion is Islam even though it is not the majority religion here.
I am 170 cm tall, weight 50 kg and I have straight blonde hair. I really like cyan and turquoise, because I love sky and ocean. I’m pretty quiet in front of people, but I like having lots of friends. I like to work hard to achieve every goal in life and never give up.
Now, I work in a digital company engaged in transportation. I have quite a collection of sports shoes because I really like to run when I have free time. Every time I go to work, I try to use a bicycle because the location of my work office is not too far from home.
Contoh Descriptive Text tentang Orang Tua
My mother’s name is Erlin Suwarhadi. She’s beautiful even though she’s not tall. My mother has fair and white skin, so many people often say that my mother often does treatment. His eyes are brown and he has double eyelids but he has myopia so every time he leaves the house, my mother always wears glasses.
He has a very kind personality to everyone and is cheerful in front of his friends. My mother likes to comfort her children when her child is upset. He was able to motivate and encourage me to achieve various achievements including achievements in school.
My mother also made me study various other things such as social, art and religion. She is a woman who is tough in dealing with life’s problems. He is always patient with the behavior of his naughty children. He is also not reluctant to help others who are in trouble.
She always loved her husband as the best wife. My mother’s daily activities are cleaning the house but accompanied by a housekeeper too. Because my mother has an online business that must be done all the time.
Contoh Descriptive Text tentang Sahabat
I have a classmate at school. Her name is Esther Bartholomew. We met often to play and she was always nice to me. Esther’s body was tall and well-proportioned. Her slender body made her friends envious. She also has an actress-like face which many male students like.
She has straight hair and sometimes her hair is tied up. His hobbies are running, swimming and playing the violin. Esther is not only beautiful, but also very friendly to her friends and polite to her teachers. Esther always smiled for those who greeted her. Every morning, Esther and I used to go to school together.
At school, wherever I went, Esther was always with me. He is quite hyperactive and has a funny response. During the holidays, Esther often came to my house to play. Sometimes Esther would also stay at my house and come home in the morning. We often go outside to visit exciting places.
Contoh Descriptive Text Kakak Perempuan
I have an only sister, her name is Clairo Sofia. My sister and I are quite similar but our hair is different. My sister has wavy hair but I have straight hair. But my sister has the same face and nose shape. My sister has white skin while mine is brown.
My sister is 170 cm tall, 5 cm taller than me. Our age difference is 1 year, he is 22 years old and mine is 21 years old. The closeness of our age makes the relationship between me and my sister so close. There are many people who say that we are twins because there is very little difference between us.
Although many people say we are twins, there are some things that set us apart. My sister really likes durian but I don’t want to be around durian at all. He likes to play basketball but I like to play guitar and rarely exercise. My sister is very outgoing and has many friends while I am a quiet person.
Sebutkan Ciri-ciri dan Tujuan Teks Deskripsi ?
Ciri-ciri: Simple present tense. Attribute verb, seperti be (am, is, are). Fokus pada sebuah objek.
Tujuan: Untuk menggambarkan orang, benda atau tempat secara spesifik, tanpa melakukan penelitian dengan detail, hanya berdasarkan penglihatan dan pendengaran.
Itulah beberapa informasi yang bisa kalian pahami jika ingin mengenal seputar Descriptive Text lebih jauh. Dengan memahami berbagai contoh descriptive text tentang orang, maka kalian akan lebih pasti lagi menguasai jenis teks bahasa Inggris satu ini.
Selain Descriptive Text, tentunya ada masih banyak lagi jenis teks lainnya. Ada Narrative text, Recount Text, Report Text, Explanation Text, Discussion Text, Review Text, Anecdote, Spoof, News Item, Procedure Text, Analytical Exposition dan Hortatory Exposition. Lebih baik kalian mengenal dengan baik setiap jenis teks tersebut. Karena setiap jenis teks mempunyai fungsi atau kegunaan yang berbeda-beda.